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This guide outlines the careful steps we take from the seeding stage to the bottling of Good Hemp CBD Oils, produced by Healthy Hemp Products Ltd.
Soil is prepared by tiling and crop rotations between annual hemp cycles. Tiling breaks up the soil, allows the seeding process to show a successful uptake. Tiling soil for hemp means the dirt is broken up with approx. 12-18” deep groves to allow the seeds to be sown into.
Seeds are sown via machine around March time, after any frosting has passed. Seeds will typically show signs of growth in as little as 24-48 hours with plantlets being around 2ft tall by the end of 4 weeks growth. No fertilisers, or insecticides or any other form of chemical fortifying is required for hemp to cultivate. The natural rain water and condition of the soil is sufficient for great growth and plant health.
Hemp plants are grown for around a 6 month cycle and can be seen harvested around August/September time. The cultivation process of our hemp is relatively straight forward and lacks complexities for nature handles the variations and swings in the environment.
For hemp to be harvested correctly, the environment has to lend itself for this process. A lack of excessive humidity and rain water is required in order to crop hemp. Our farmers ensure the seeding process has complete and the trichomes of the hemp plant have reached their peak maturity.
Specifically designed combine harvesters are used for the cropping and harvesting of our hemp plants. A giant crop wheel quickly processes the top 1m of the hemp plant to make our CBD whilst the lower part of the machine slices the 3m tall hemp stalks to rest on the soil, ready to be collected separately. The flowers and leaves are then taken away via a walking floor trailer to the drying shed.
Hemp is then dried and processed in a temperature and humidity-controlled environment to ensure the quality is preserved. The hemp is then graded accordingly for either use as a herbal tea or for the use of cannabinoid extraction.
The graded hemp material is then tested for quality, purity and overall safety. This typically includes testing the dried material for cannabinoid content, moulds and toxins or unwanted compounds. If satisfactory then the material is put forward for extraction or use as a tea.
Extraction of the cannabinoids will start via the super critical co2 process where the entire profile of cannabinoids, waxes, fats and terpenes are preserved just as nature provided them. This first pass extract is regarded as a full spectrum extract and is the starter material used to refine cannabinoids further.
Crude oil is refined using distillation methods to remove all controlled substances (THC and others) and other unwanted compounds to leave a broad-spectrum hemp extract without any THC. This extract further refined to extract the goodness of CBD, which is achieved via an isolation process called reverse chromatography. RC totally isolates the cannabinoids with very little to zero contaminations ensuring 99.9% pure CBD is produced every time.
To ensure the CBD remains pure and isolation has been successful, thorough testing through HPLC is carried out giving clear and precise values of CBD and any other valued molecules present. Once this check is complete, the Pure CBD Isolate is batched accordingly for its final formulations.
Once our pure CBD has been tested for purity and quality, we can begin our final formulations. Each strength of oil is precisely infused with an organic cold-pressed hemp seed oil to create an array of strengths ranging from 1% through to 20%. Both peppermint and citrus flavoured blends are infused with clean, steam distilled plant-derived terpenes.
The last stage of testing is typically on the final formulations. Each batch is meticulously tested by 3rd party laboratories for its cannabinoid content to ensure the purity and quality remain accurate to each strength and ratio.
Once all lab reports are returned satisfactory, then each batch begins its packaging cycle. The cycle begins with the sealed vats filled with CBD oil are moved into the bottling section and connected to high-speed bottling lines where the machines pump, cap and label as many as 3000 bottles per hour! The dedicated team carefully check each bottle to ensure the correct volume has been filled and each cap is tightly secure meeting the exacting standards every time. Each batch is then stored in a controlled environment ready for their final destinations, and bellies.
There are three stages of testing during the manufacturing of CBD oils:
The first stage involves testing the initial raw material (dried hemp, hemp seed oil and any other natural flavourings we use). This ensures there are no signs of pesticides or any other toxins present, including mycotoxins and heavy metals or unwanted materials (toxins = yucky, and we don’t want that).
The second stage occurs during the extraction phase, where we test the purity of the CBD. This typically involves repeating the same testing process we did during the first stage, but with the addition of cannabinoids. Once we are satisfied the CBD is purified and meets our exacting standards, we are finally ready to formulate our products.
The final stage of testing is for cannabinoids (yes, again!) to ensure our CBD oil is free of impurities such as THC, as well as checking that the final CBD ratio is right.
Check out our lab reports below.